Garden Egg: Health Benefits you Did not Know .

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garden eggs

Garden egg, botanically called Solanum  melongena, is one fruit Nigerians love to consume. An occasion is not complete without the serving of garden egg. It is enjoyed either  fresh alone or with groundnut or peanut butter. It can also be cooked into a sumptuous sauce, which is eaten with boiled yam or plantain.

The green leaves of the Solanum species can be eaten fresh as fresh vegetables or can be used for preparing assorted dishes such as yam and vegetables,  abacha, Ugba and okporoko. The igbos call it anara,

Egg plants come in different colour- pink, white,  yellow, green, sometimes striped, shapes and sizes. The difference between the green and white garden egg is that, the green contains chlorophyll, though the white garden egg are sometimes more easily digested than the green egg plants . The purple garden egg is rich in Nasunin a powerful antioxidant for brain health.

The many health benefits of garden egg comes from its nutritional constituents. Garden Eggs are great sources dietary fibre, protein, carbohydrate, vitamin C, dietary fibre,vitamin B6, iron, flavonoids, magnesium and potassium.

Garden Egg: Health Benefits Outlined


1. Aids weight loss

The low calorie and high fiber content of garden egg makes makes it a useful tool for weight management. The fibre in garden egg fill up the stomach thereby reducing your craving for other foods likely to lead to weight gain

2. Lowers blood sugar 

Garden egg has the ability to lower blood sugar level. The low soluble carbohydrate in garden egg has the ability to reduce the absorption of glucose into the blood thereby controlling blood sugar levels. It is a great dietary option for diabetery patients.

3. Aids digestion

The high fiber content of garden egg ensure proper functioning of the digestive system. It gets rid of constipation and stomach bloating.

4. Protects the Eye

Retinol in some species of garden egg is very vital for prepare functioning of the eye. It enhances  good eye sight. A study carried out by Igwe et al found out that  eating plenty of garden egg can help lower eye pressure in persons with glaucoma.

5. Reduced Risk of  Cardiovascular Diseases

Garden egg  reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke and heart diseases because of its high content of  potassium, a necessary salt that helps in maintaining the function of the heart and regulate blood pressure. High blood pressure is one of the precursor to developing heart disease and stroke.

Garden eggs are rich in thiamin (vitamin B1) required for normal growth and proper functioning of the heart and Nervous system, Niacin (Vitamin B6) needed for cellular respiration

6. Treats Ulcer

Garden egg could be used for the treatment of stomach ulcers. A research conducted by Anosike et al  revealed  that garden egg possessed ulcer protective properties against ulcers induced experimentally. This shows that it can serve as a cheap source of natural anti-ulcer remedy.

7. Lowers Bad Cholesterol Level

Garden egg has the ability to lower LDL bad cholesterol and also boosts good cholesterol in the body due to it’s content of dietary fiber and cholorogenic acid.

8. Good for Pregnant women

Garden egg contains essential vitamins minerals and other nutrients needed by pregnant women for healthy development of their babies. Due to the fact that the foetus gets most of its nutrients from the mother. The mother needs foods like garden egg that will provide the essential minerals required.

9. A Blood Tonic

Aqueous extract from the leaves of garden egg serve as blood tonic. Garden egg helps prevent blood clots with the help of vitamin K and biaflavonoids, which strengthen capillaries.

10. Boosts the Immune System.

The vitamins and minerals in garden egg enhance the immune system of the body.  Also the  polyphenols, anthocyanins and chlorogenic acid in garden egg act as antioxidants that eradicate harmful toxins from the body system. Thereby by boosting the immune system.

11. Improved memory

Both the fruit and the green leaves of the garden egg  contains phytochemical which help to improve mental health. . They also increase blood flow to the brain. By delivering more oxygen-rich blood to the brain, it stimulates neural pathways to develop, boosting the powers of memory and analytic thought.


Igwe S. A, Dora Akunyili and C. Ogbogu, Published in the 2003 issue of the journal of Ethno pharmacology on “Effects of Garden Egg on some visual functions of visually active Igbos of Nigeria”

2. Anosike Chioma, Abonyi Obiora and Ubaka Chukwuemeka. Evaluate the possible anti-ulcer effect of the African garden egg , Journal of the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ,2011 .


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